The Internet of Things (loT) explained

By Enabliser Natasha

So it seems we cannot avoid reading about the Internet of Things (IoT) – it has been applied, misapplied and represented in most aspects of life fictional and non-fictional.

But what is it? According to Wiki “The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical objects or "things" embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity, which enables these objects to collect and exchange data”. The Internet of Things allows you (me, businesses, governments, etc) to remotely control objects using electronics. Each individual physical component is uniquely identifiable, but components are bought together to create and embody infrastructure.

The concept of the Internet of Things is yet to be fully implemented and matured in the real world. The scope for change and growth is infinite. At its simplest the IoT could be that in a house you could manage; everything electronic (entertainment devices, heating, lighting) remotely with ease. We have achieved this in part, but how much more could we do? Again Wiki says: "Things," in the IoT sense, can refer to a wide variety of devices such as heart monitoring implants, biochip transponders on farm animals, electric clams in coastal waters, automobiles with built-in sensors, DNA analysis devices for environmental/food/pathogen monitoring or field operation devices that assist fire-fighters in search and rescue operations. These devices collect useful data with the help of various existing technologies and then autonomously flow the data between other devices. Current market examples include smart thermostat systems and washer/dryers that use Wi-Fi for remote monitoring.

Right now; according got Cisco more than 99% of physical things are not yet connected to the internet.

But it is expected that the growth of connectivity will continue to expand at a rapid rate as per the below chart based again on information from Cisco.

Nerd (not that there is anything wrong with that) hat applied; historically the term was first recorded in 1999 by British entrepreneur Kevin Ashton – back then he was talking about Radio-frequency identification (RFID) connected objects).

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